When we act recklessly on our environment, we invite unprecedented consequences to our lives. The following is just a collation of such information. It’s never too late to act wisely.
Yet the mass destruction of trees continues, sacrificing the long-term benefits of standing trees for short-term gain. According to an estimate, 11 million hectares of forest are harvested in the world per year. In India alone, one million hectares of forest are being cut down. The pressure of urbanization, the growing population and the craving for the rapid development have deprived us of green cover.
Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area, but they are disappearing at an alarming rate. Between 1990 and 2016, the world lost 502,000 square miles (1.3 million square kilometers) of the forest, according to the World Bank—an area larger than South Africa. Since humans started cutting down forests, 46 percent of trees have been felled, according to a 2015 study in the journal Nature. About 17 percent of the Amazonian rainforest has been destroyed over the past 50 years, and losses recently have been on the rise.
VARIOUS EFFECTS OF CUTTING OF TREES
Floods and Droughts: Soil erosion increases the soil flows, due to which the specific cycle of flood and drought is started.
Loss of Soil Fertility: With the elimination of trees, the fertile soil above the ground flows through rainwater to those places where it is not used.
Air Pollution: There are grave consequences for forest destruction. Its biggest disadvantage is in the form of air pollution. The air where there is a lack of trees gets polluted most.
Extinction of species: Due to the destruction of forests, wildlife is disappearing. Many species have disappeared, and many are on the verge of extinction.
Global Warming: Deforestation has a direct impact on natural climate change, thereby increasing the global temperature.
Depletion in Water Resources: Today, the water of rivers is becoming shallow, less deep and polluted because of the indiscriminate harvest of trees and plants on their shores, exits, and mountains. Due to this, there is insufficient rainfall
Damage to ozone layer: The normal environment of the Earth as a result of deforestation has become polluted. It is posing a grave danger to the ozone layer, which is necessary for the overall defense of the Earth.
Homeless Animals: Due to endless deforestation, destitute animals are taking shelter in villages. As a result, incidents of wild animals entering villages and towns of the country are happening quite frequently, posing a grave danger to human life.